Preparing for a project is an important part of any construction business. You need to ensure that your construction equipment is in good working order, that any heavy machinery or heavy construction equipment has been properly maintained and that the site itself is ready for any building levelling.
You will also need to be sure that your engineering solutions are up to date, such as any software you might be using or performance management systems you have in place. You will need to start your preparation by going to the site and clearing it of all rubble and debris. Then you can move on to other important elements. Below are some top tips on how to prepare for any construction project.
Clearing the site
This is the very first step you need to take when preparing for a construction project. You will need to clear the site by removing debris and any rubbish from the grounds. And you will need to be sure that the ground is graded and levelled before you can start building.
You will also need to remove and clear all vegetation and rocks from the area, so that the path for your construction equipment is clear and easy to manoeuvre. If there are any buildings on the site that are not part of the project, you will have to demolish them and remove the rubble. Be sure to fill any low spots and level any high ones to ensure a stable surface for your equipment and structures. Be sure your dump trucks, motor graders and other heavy equipment have nothing obstructing their path.
Safety comes first
Once you have cleared and levelled your construction site, you will need to ensure that it is safe to work in. This is because there will be many people working on the site and you will need to make sure that everyone is safe and not in danger of injury or accident.
Start by putting up warning signs for both workers and the public, so that nobody walks into the construction site unknowingly. Place barriers around all holes that have been dug and be sure that all electrical cords are clearly visible to everyone. Power tools and sharp objects should be packed away at the end of every day, and ensure that all of your workers are wearing the right clothing for the job.
Test the soil
Once you have ensured that all safety regulations are being followed, you will need to test the soil to ascertain whether or not it can withstand holding up a structure. You also need to know its water absorption ability, if it is too hard to dig into for creating a foundation for the building.
You will need to ask a professional to test the soil for you and provide you with engineering solutions if the soil is unsuitable. You might have to cover the topsoil with a soil that is better suited to construction or you may have to find a completely new site for the project. If the ground is too hard, you will have to soak the soil with water to soften it to make it easier to work with. Be sure to contact an official soil testing company for their services rather than performing it yourself.
Survey the site
Surveying the site is a requirement of all construction projects. A site surveyor will define the building area with pegs or markers so that you are aware of exactly where you will be building. Be sure that these markers are clearly visible to all workers and are in line with your client’s plans.
You will also know the exact elevation required for the building, which will make it easier for your workers to build foundations and level the site. You will be able to ascertain the horizontal and vertical location of the construction plans so that the project goes off without a hitch and the client is happy. You will need to consult with the surveyor regularly at the start of your project, so be sure to keep their number handy.
Call the municipality before you start
Calling the municipality before you start is an important step to take. You will need to ask them about any electrical lines and sewerage pipes that might be running through the site. This way you will know exactly where you can and cannot build, and you will be able to make allowances for any issues.
You can also ask a local surveyor if they have any plans for the site from years before. You will get a clear picture of exactly what is on the grounds before you start laying foundations. You might have to speak to the client about removing pipes and see if they are able and willing to do so. If you cannot bypass anything, you will have to ask the municipality for advice on how to continue.